The Unknown Terrorist
Global terrorism has become a frightening reality. From New York City and Washington, D.C., to Bali, Moscow, and Madrid, ordinary citizens throughout the civilized world live with increasing fear of a deadly attack from unknown individuals, for reasons many of us cannot fathom. National and international security forces are on constant alert, desperate to prevent the next catastrophe, and yet many observers agree that our military and intelligence services are spread too thin and face insurmountable hurdles in the global war on terrorism. The situation calls for greater engagement with the public, as the necessary eyes and ears of the global anti-terrorism coalition. However, to be effective the public must be equipped with the knowledge of how, why, and where an individual becomes a terrorist. This is the primary goal of this set, which seeks to answer one central question: What do we currently know about the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist?
Overall, we have learned that the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist involves a variety of complex and intertwined issues. A single contributing factor-such as personal religious conviction, widespread poverty, or an oppressive government-may not necessarily lead to the formation of terrorist organizations. However, the current body of research on terrorism suggests that a combination of factors will, in most cases, result in some form of terrorism. This combination differs widely by region, and at minimum involves motivations, opportunities, contexts, processes, personal disposition, and preparation. Volume I deals with recruitment means and methods, and includes discussions of psychological, social, ideological, and religious dimensions of recruitment. Volume II addresses the training of terrorists, including teaching tools and training manuals, and it includes fascinating case studies from Al Qaeda, Hezbollah, Aum Shinrikyo, Christian militias, and other groups. Volume III is devoted to root causes, including their political, religious, and socioeconomic dimensions. Appendices to these volumes feature profiles of terrorist organizations, samples of terrorist training manuals, and recommended resources for the study of terrorism.
The use of sarin in the terrorist acts in Matsumoto city and Tokyo underground was considered by a number of specialists as a new era in terrorism. In addition to chemical weapons, terrorists can use a great variety of toxic chemicals from chemical industry, agriculture or products released from terrorist acts on industrial facilities. Evidently, the arsenal of chemical agents that can be used as terrorist agents is practically unlimited. The risk of exposure to chemical agents which could be used in terrorist acts is real. Therefore, the readiness for defense in a case of chemical terrorism should be enhanced. Decontamination and medical treatment are important aspects of protection from effects after intoxications with chemical agents.This book includes reports which were presented at a NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled "Medical Treatment of Intoxications and Decontamination of Chemical Agent in the Area of Terrorist Attack". This workshop was held on 25-28 January 2005 in Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. The contributors were experts acquainted with the main problems connected with chemical terrorism. The primary focus of this workshop was determination (assessment) of scientific concepts and practical means for management of chemical agent casualties in case of a terrorist attack, with emphasis on improvement of medical treatment and decontamination. The main aspects of the book are: new approaches in pre-treatment and prophylaxis of nerve agent intoxication; diagnosis of exposure to chemical agents; therapy of chemical agent intoxication; and, development of personal decontamination.
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The Unknown Terrorist